Area: 134.67 sq km
Languages: Punjabi, Hindi, English
STD Code: 0161
History Of Ludhiana
Ludhiana is located on the latitude 30.55° North and longitude 75.54° East in the state of Punjab in northern India. The city stands on the Grand Trunk Road from Delhi to Amritsar. Ludhiana gets its name from the Lodhi Dynasty, which is believed to have founded the city in the year 1480.
During the reign of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, Ludhiana became an important British cantonment. Initially, in 1805, Maharaja Ranjit Singh had occupied Ludhiana. However, in 1809, the British decided to curb his advance eastwards and sent troops to confront him. Ranjit Singh was forced to sign the treaty of 'perpetual friendship' with the British, which confined his activities to the right bank of the Sutlej. British troops were permanently stationed in Ludhiana and the Cis-Sutlej states came under British protection.
Many leaders of the Indian freedom movement came from Ludhiana. Prominent among them were Lala Lajpat Rai, Sardar Kartar Singh Saraba, Baba Santa Singh and Maulana Habibur Rehman.
The Punjabi spirit of enterprise and business savvy is best exemplified by the city of Ludhiana which is renowned the world over for its hosiery goods. It is no exaggeration to say that in Ludhiana every household is a mini hosiery unit and everybody seems to be involved in some way or the other in this lucrative business. From Moscow to Montreal, shopping malls retail both cotton and woollen products from Ludhiana. However, Ludhiana'sclaim to fame is not its commercial enterprises alone. It is an important pilgrimage center as there are many historic Gurdwaras.
Ludhiana also boasts of many prestigious educational institutions. There are two medical colleges and the famous Punjab Agricultural University modeled on the Land Grant of America.
Ludhiana is a part of the Ludhiana-Moga-Ferozepur-Bhatinda-Malout-Muktsar-Faridkot tourist circuit in Punjab. Ludhiana does not have too many scenic spots to boast of. It can be visited either for bulk hosiery shopping or making it a base for the Rural Olympics held in Killa Raipur, Chharpper Mela and Kisan Mela at PAU attract lakhs every year.
One can also visit the Rural Museum at the Punjab Agricultural University. The War Memorial organizes frequent Sound and Light shows, where one can listen to stories of valour of brave, Indian and Punjabi soldiers.
Best season, Climate and Clothing
Ludhiana has very hot summers and very cold winters. The monsoon visits this city around July and extends up to the beginning of September. Winters generally set in around November, when it becomes very cold during the night. But the city produces and exports hosiery and woolen products. If you can stand neither extreme heat nor cold, the best time to visit Ludhiana is from February to mid April. Thus, cotton clothing is apt for summers and woolens are required for winters.
The city of Ludhiana is dotted with places of tourist interest.
GURUDWARA SHRIMANJI SAHIB ALAMGIR
Gurudwara Manji Sahib is situated Ten kilometers away from Ludhiana at Alamgir. It marks the place where the Muslim devotee, Nabi Khan and Ghani Khan carried Guru Gobind Singh Ji to safety during the battle Nearby in a tank; There is a ten feet deep tank near the Gurudwara where, according to a legend, Guru Gobind Singh shot an arrow into the parched land, which miracu
Phillaur fort, ludhiana
Was designed by Dewan Mohkam Chand,the brave general of Maharaja Ranjit Singh facing the, then, British border along Ludhiana.it is police training center now.
Twenty kilometres away from Ludhiana is Killa Raipur, which is famous for the Rural Olympics held there. Here, the local population comes to watch the village youth display their sporting skills. The event is held in mid-February. The competitions are essentially of three types in the rural meets. Purely rural games are kabaddi, wrestling, and weight lifting. The performing sports are acrobatics, twisting an iron-rod by placing it on the Adam's apple, passing a tractor over the rib cage, cracking a big stone slab by place it on the chest. There are even more off beat feats, as seen where a young lad applied surma (kohl) on his eyes, with a knife held between his legs. And then there are the modern sports like athletics, hockey, football, volleyball, handball, cycling.
Golden Temple, Amritsar
Golden Temple literally means Temple of Gods. It is a supreme centre of Sikhism. There are four entrances to the temple, signifying the importance of acceptance and openness. Inside the temple there are many memorial plaques that commemorate past Sikh historical events, saints and martyrs.
Wagha Border, Amritsar
The Wagah Border, often called the "Berlin wall of Asia", is a ceremonial border of India–Pakistan where each evening there is a retreat ceremony called 'lowering of the flags', which has been held since 1959. An energetic parade by the B.S.F of both nations is an important tourist attraction.
Sukhna Lake, Chandigarh
Sukhna Lake is a beautiful 3 km lake that lies in the foothills of Shivalik range. The unique feature about Sukhna is that it is manmade. It was created in the year 1958, and continues to attract visitors from India and abroad.
Rock Garden is an epitome of creativity and innovation and is known as rockery or an alpine garden. It It is a visual treat of rocks and plants, aesthetically arranged by its creator, Shri Nek Chand . He was awarded the Padam Shree in 1984 by the Government of India for this popular tourist attraction.
Yadavindra Gardens, Pinjore
The Yadavindra Gardens at PINJORE have terraced gardens, which feature the Rajasthani Mughal style Shish Mahal, the Rang Mahal, the cubical Jal Mahal and a series of fountains and waterfalls. It is 20 kms away from the beautiful city of Chandigarh.
Shimla, a popular tourist destination, is often referred to as the "Queen of Hills," a term coined by the British. This beautiful hill station is draped in forests of pine, rhododendron, and oak and experiences pleasant summers and cold, snowy winters.
Bhupinder Singh, Maharaja of Patiala created his own capital in the little village of Chail for the warm months; after he was expelled from Shimla - The Summer Capital of the British India . It lay surrounded by magnificent deodar and the creation can be experienced by everyone. Himachal Tourism, now owns the gracious mansion, which is a resort in the true sense of the word. A beautiful Palace with ornate furniture, charming cottages, delightful log huts, thick forests, quiet walks, a 'lovers hill', an orchard of its own, elegant lawns, badminton and lawn tennis court, billiards and even a children's park. There are good sightseeing places and possibility of some fishing and trekking. Chail also has the world's highest cricket pitch and polo ground.
Located at distance of 22 km from Shimla, Naldehra (2044 m) is a heaven for tourists. It boasts of the oldest 9 hole golf course in the country. The well groomed Golf Course is a lovely verdant, perhaps one of the finest and sporty in India. Crowned with a springing turf the Golf Course was suggested by Lord Curzon. He was so enchanted by the place that he gave his daughter Alexendra, "Naldehra" as her second name. It is the venue of many competitions. The Nag temple is also situated here and Naldehra derives its name from it. Another attraction is TATTAPANI , the hot sulphur springs that are believed to have medicinal value.
This small hill station seems to live in time warp that belongs to the 19th century. The narrow roads of Kasauli (1951m) slither up and down the hillside and offer some magnificent vistasThe upper and lower malls run through Kasauli's length and one can enjoy longs walks. A mixed forest of pine, oak and huge horse-chestnut encircles the town. Its colonial ambience is reinforced by stretch of cobbled road, quaint shops, gabled houses with charming facades and scores of neat little gardens and orchards. Christ and the Baptist Church are examples of Kasauli's colonial architecture. Also known for the famous LAWRENCE SCHOOL , Sanawar and The Central Research Institute that prepares various vaccines. A trek to the Manki Point is another attraction for visitors.
Temple Mata Chintpurni
Sati's feet fell at Chintpurni (940m) and the devout come here to leave their worries and pray for boons. The temple is built around the Devi's pindi. Her image depicts her without a head, it is said that she cut it of to assuage the blood thirst of her companions. And hence the name, Chinnimastika Devi - 'The Goddess without a Head'.
Temple Mata Jawalamukhi
An ancient temple, here , the goddess is manifest as tiny flame that burns flawless blue through fissures in the age-old rock. Even the Pandavas are regarded to have visited this sacred place.
With dense pine and deodar forests, numerous streams, cool healthy air, attractive surroundings and the nearby snowline, Dharamsala has everything for a perfect holiday. It is full of life and yet peaceful. Upper Dharamshala / Mcleodganj forms the seat of the Tibetan Spiritual leader Dalai Lama. The charming church of St. John in the wilderness is situated here and this is the final resting place of Lord Elgin, a British Viceroy of India during the 19th century .The variety Dharamshala offers for sightseeing ranges from temples, churches and monasteries to museums, ancient towns and places of natural beauty. Every season and every spot has its own special offering.
Temple Mata Chamunda Devi
Chronicled in the Durga Sapt-Shati, the story goes that on the orders of Shamb and Ni-Shamb, two demons tried to harass the goddess Ambika. Enraged, Ambika knitted her brows and from the folds a horrifying form of Kali emerged. After a great battle, the goddess Kali slew the two demons, Chand and Mund. Delighted by Kali's achievement, Ambika declared that she would now be worshipped here as Chamunda - a combination of the demons names. Chamunda Devi temple is at a height of 1000m.
In local parlance, the word for lot of water is "pulum". This is what has given Palampur (1249 m) its name and its water has given the valley so much of its character. Countless streams criss-cross the landscape and in their intricate mesh, hold tea gardens ( The famous Kangra Tea ) and rice fields. To further bless the area with remarkable natural beauty, the Dhauladhar ranges rise dramatically just beyond Palampur. The town itself has interesting colonial architecture and the area around is richly garnished with historical temples and forts and scores of picturesque hamlets.